URIAH


URIAH
URIAH (Heb. אוּרִיָּה), the name of four biblical figures (in one case in the variant form Uriahu). The most important of these is Uriah the Hittite, listed as one of David's "heroes" in II Samuel 23:39. While Uriah was away on one of David's campaigns (II Sam. 11), the king noticed his young wife bath-sheba bathing on the roof of her house. He had the young woman brought to him and lay with her. When Bath-Sheba informed him that she was pregnant, David had Uriah recalled from the front in an attempt to cover his sin, but the attempt failed because Uriah felt bound by a vow or a general taboo to shun conjugal relations for the duration of the war. David then sent Uriah back to the very thick of the battle in the hope that he would be killed, which is what occurred. David then married Bath-Sheba and incurred the rebuke of the prophet nathan for his behavior. There have been many attempts by scholars to explain the origin and name of Uriah. H. Gunkel dismissed the whole story as a legend having no historical basis. However, the story may have been well based and Uriah could have been one of the original Jebusite inhabitants of Jerusalem. This people, from whom David conquered the city, were probably of Hittite origin. A. Gustavs identified the name as a Hebrew folk etymology of the Hurrian name Ariya. The name would then mean something like king or ruler. B. Maisler (Mazar) suggested that the name could originally have been a compound of the Hurrian element ur plus the name of a pagan god, which then received an Israelite form. S. Yeivin compared the name Uriah with the other Jebusite name mentioned in the Bible, araunah (perhaps from the same root), and suggests that Uriah may have been a high official or perhaps the intended successor of that last Jebusite ruler of Jerusalem. (Daniel Boyarin)   -In the Aggadah Uriah was not a Hittite; the name merely indicates that he dwelt among them (Kid. 76b). It was Uriah who revealed to David how the various suits of armor of Goliath were joined together so that David could remove them and cut off the head of the giant. Uriah did this on condition that David secure him a Jewish wife. David kept his promise and thus it was that Uriah married Bath-Sheba (unknown Midrash quoted by Moses Alshekh on II Sam. 13). Uriah had incurred the death penalty by his refusal to take his ease in his own house in accordance with the king's command (Shab. 56a); this amounted to an act of rebellion. However, the sin of David was that he did not put him to death, but let him be killed by the sword of the Ammonites (II Sam. 12:9) which was an abomination (Zohar Ex. 107a). The other bearers of the name Uriah in the Bible include a priest in the reign of Ahaz (Isa. 8:2; II Kings 16:10f.), a priest in the time of Nehemiah (Ezra 8:33; Neh. 3:4, 21; 8:4), and with the slightly variant form of the name, Uriahu (אוּרִיָּהוּ no doubt understood as "YHWH is fire (or light)"), a prophet killed by Jehoiakim (Jer. 26:20–23) for prophesying doom like Jeremiah -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Gustavs, in: ZAW, 33 (1913), 201ff.; Noth, Personennamen, 168; H.L. Ginsberg and B. Maisler, in: JPOS, 14 (1934), 250–61; S. Yeivin, in: Zion, 9 (1944), 49–69; B. Maisler, in: Yedi'ot, 13 (1947), 105ff; URIAH THE HITTITE IN THE AGGADAH: Ginzberg, Legends, 4 (1913), 88, 103, 126; 6 (1928), 252, 256, 264–5.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Uriah — oder Urijah (Hebräisch אוּרִיָּה, Ivrit Uriyya, Tiberianisch ʾÛriyyāh) ist ein männlicher Vorname und der Name verschiedener Männer im Tanach, der Hebräischen Bibel. Wörtlich bedeutet er Der Herr ist mein Licht. Bekannte Namensträger Alexander… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Uriah — Годы 2004 по сей день Откуда Калифорния, округ Лос Анжелес Санта Кларита …   Википедия

  • Uriah — m Biblical: name (from Hebrew, meaning ‘God is light’) borne by a Hittite warrior treacherously disposed of by King David after he had made Uriah s wife Bathsheba pregnant (2 Samuel 11). The Greek form Urias occurs in the New Testament (Matthew 1 …   First names dictionary

  • Uriah — masc. proper name, in O.T., the Hittite husband of Bathsheba; of non Hebrew (possibly Horite) origin, but explained by folk etymology as Heb. Uriyyah, lit. flame of the Lord. Uriah Heep, character from Dickens David Copperfield (1850) sometimes… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Uriah — [yoo rī′ə] n. [Heb uriya, lit., God is light < or, light, brightness (akin to ur, fire) + ya, Jehovah] 1. a masculine name 2. Bible a Hittite captain whose beautiful wife, Bathsheba, David lusted after: David arranged for Uriah to die in… …   English World dictionary

  • Uriah — For the town in Alabama, United States, see Uriah, Alabama. Uriah or Urijah (Hebrew Name|אוּרִיָּה|Uriyya|ʾÛriyyāh| (My) light/flame of/is the Lord ) was the name of several men in the Hebrew Bible. The word, which means the Lord is my light ( he …   Wikipedia

  • Uriah — Personnages de Half Life 2 Cette liste récapitule tous les personnages de la série de jeux vidéos Half Life 2. Sommaire 1 Résistance 1.1 Gordon Freeman 1.2 Alyx Vance 1.3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Uriah — noun a) Any of a number of Old Testament men, including Bathshebas husband whom David sent to death. And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die …   Wiktionary

  • Uriah — /yoo ruy euh/, n. 1. Also, Douay Bible, Urias /yoo ruy euhs/. Also called Uriah the Hittite. the husband of Bathsheba, and an officer in David s army. II Sam. 11. 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning God is light. * * * …   Universalium

  • Uriah —    The Lord is my light.    1) A Hittite, the husband of Bathsheba, whom David first seduced, and then after Uriah s death married. He was one of the band of David s mighty men. The sad story of the curel wrongs inflicted upon him by David and of …   Easton's Bible Dictionary


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